About birch bark
About birch bark
Birch bark( birch bark), the outer part of the birch bark, widely used in the traditional economy of the peoples of Siberia. It is highly resistant to rot and does not pass water. From time immemorial, people have known the amazing healing properties of birch bark. Many peasants in Russia wore birch bark bast shoes not out of poverty, but to be healthy and protect their joints from rheumatism and other diseases. When the farmer went to work in the fields, he took a tuesok with kvass, and on the hottest day the drink remained cold. You can even boil water in a birch bark dish if you hang such a container over the fire. Birch bark does not light up because the liquid cools it. And if you apply birch bark to a fresh wound, it will heal twice as fast. Few people know, but in Russia they also made boots out of birch bark. We walked in them in the swamps, and our feet didn't get wet.
Birch bark is usually harvested twice a year-in spring and autumn. To do this, select large birches with a flat trunk, which make the longest longitudinal section. Removed birch bark panels, rolled up in rolls, can be stored for a long time and used as needed. Currently, they continue to make household utensils, dishes and various Souvenirs from birch bark. In the past, birch bark was also used for making boats, temporary camping utensils, pasting bows, etc. Small utensils were made from raw birch bark, aged for softness in the dewy grass. Large panels, if necessary, were sewn together with wire threads from pieces of birch bark, boiled for elasticity in boiling water. Birch bark products were usually decorated with geometric ornaments that were applied to the inner dark side of the bark. The dark layer was scraped off with a knife so that an interpenetrating contrasting pattern was formed. Despite modern changes in traditional culture, birch bark remains the most important ornamental material for the indigenous peoples of Siberia to this day.